Fig Trees in RMNH Campus, Mysore

Documentation and sketches: Sri SJ Srinivasa, RMNH, Mysore 

    The Regional Museum of Natural History is located on the northern bank of Karanji Nature Park at Mysore and expansive over 5.23 acres along the foot hill of Chamundi. With the objective to generate nature responsiveness through non formal education this institute is maintaining a garden with all probable efforts. As the first step to attract numerous insects followed by insectivorous and frugivorous birds, varieties of flower and fruit yielding plants were planted. These plants through out the year afford food and sanctuary for the birds and other life forms.

This garden houses varieties of plants belong to Moraceae family. Among them one such diversity is figs along with Morus alba, the Mulberry and Artocarpus heterophyllus- the Jack fruit in addition. Interestingly all these plants were planted as saplings and are aged about 18 years. There are 12 species of Ficus plants including a creeping variety (Ficus pumila) in the garden.

Each tree has its own wild visitors, throughout the day and night. During day birds -Barbets, Mynas, Parakeets, Grey hornbill, Bee eaters, Paradise & Fantail Flycatchers, Tits, Lesser golden backed wood pecker and rarely Peafowls; animals- Bonnet Monkey and Three Striped Squirrels usually visit. As night falls, Fruit eating Bats followed by Pipestrils, Wild Cat, Palm Civets and Bandicoots visit the trees and their premises. Depending on season numerous insects and arachnidan varieties visit these Ficus varieties.

 

Ficus amplissima

Common name: - Bili Basari mara

Habit: - Large trees

Flowering Season: - April to October

Usage: - Fodder/ Shade



Ficus auriculata Lour

Common name: - Elephant ear fig,

Flowering Season: - March to June

 


Ficus benghalensis L.

Common name: - Aalada mara, banyan tree

Habit: - Large tree

Flowering Season: - March to June

Usage: - Shade / Fodder


Ficus benjamina L.var benjamina

Common name: - Jawa fig, Java atti mara

Habit: - Large trees with erect patent branches

Flowering Season: - April to July

Usage: - Ornamental / Shade

 


Ficus drupacea var pubescens

Common name: - Goli mara, Goni mara

Habit: - Large deciduous trees

Flowering Season:- Jan -May

Usage: - Shade / Fodder


Ficus elastica

Common name: - India rubber

Habit: - Tree

Flowering Season:-  March to June

Usage: - Ornamental

 

Ficus krishnae

Common name: - Krishna’s buttercup, Benne battalu gida.

Habit: - Small tree

Flowering Season: - March to June

Usage: - Ornamental



 Ficus pumila

Common name: - Balli Aala.

Flowering Season: - March to June

 


Ficus racemosa L.

Common name: - Oudumbara, attimara

Habit: - Large tree

       Flowering Season:- Feb- October

       Usage: - Shade/ Medicinal/ fodder/Tree worship




Ficus religiosa L.

Common name: - Arali mara, Ashwattha, Peepul tree

Habit:- Large deciduous tree

Flowering Season: - March to July

Usage: - Tree worship/ shade/ Fodder

 



Ficus tinctoria Forst. (Syn. Ficus gibbosa)  

Common name: - Kalbsarimara

Flowering Season: - March to June

 



Ficus tsjahela Burm.

Common name: - Kari Basari mara

Flowering Season: - March to June

       Usage: - Avenue tree /fodder

 

A COMPARISON OF FICUS VARIETIES

 

Ficus variety in karnataka1, 2

 

Ficus variety in Mysore District 3

 

Ficus variety in Chamundi Hills4

 

Ficus variety in RMNH campus

F.amplissima

F.amplissima

F.amplissima

F.amplissima

F.arnottiana

F.arnottiana

F.arnottiana

-

F.auriculata2

-

-

F.auriculata

F beddomei

-

-

-

F.benghalensis

F.benghalensis

F.benghalensis

F.benghalensis

F benjamina

F benjamina

-

-

F carica

F carica

-

-

F.callosa2

-

-

-

F.caulocarpa

-

-

-

F.drupacea

F.drupacea

F.drupacea

F.drupacea var pubescens

F exasperata

-

-

-

F.heterophylla

F.heterophylla

F.heterophylla

-

F.hispida

F.hispida

-

-

F.laevis

-

-

-

F microcarpa

F microcarpa

F microcarpa

 

F.mollis

F.mollis

F.mollis

-

F nervosa

-

-

-

F.racemosa

F.racemosa

F.racemosa

F.racemosa

F.religiosa

F.religiosa

F.religiosa

F.religiosa

F.talboti

F.talboti

-

-

F.tinctoria

F.tinctoria

-

F.tinctoria*

F.tsajhela

F.tsajhela

-

F.tsajhela*

F.virens

F.virens

F.virens

-

 

-

-

F.benjamina var benjamina

-

-

-

F.benghalensis var.

krishnae

-

-

-

F.elastica

-

-

-

F.pumila*

  

* Have been removed recently due to some civil work/ maintenance, otherwise the rest of the species are maintained. (2001-12)

 

References: 

1.       Flora of Karnataka, Sharma BD, Singh NP, Raghavan RS & Miss Deshpande UR 1984

2.       Flora of karnataka Vol I, CJ Saldhana 1984

3.       A synoptic flora of Mysore District, RR Rao & B A Razi  1981

4.       Biodiversity Conservation plan of Mysore forest division- Technical report;    Appendix II: Plant species of Chamundi hills. K.B.Sadananda et.al